Discover defining Hong Kong structure, from the ultra-modern to colonial relics – South China Morning Post
Wander round Hong Kong and you will notice “Taoist temples and Edwardian edifices nestled between skyscrapers”, the metropolis’s Tourism Board says.
Hong Kong is stuffed with each the previous and the new, however for years, poor preservation of the former has been a fear for the area people.
From the Previous Hong Kong Membership Constructing to Queen’s Pier, constructions of the previous have been demolished to make approach for contemporary glass workplaces and residential tower blocks.
“We have now a complete vary of buildings which virtually inform folks about the complete growth of structure in the metropolis’s historical past,” says Dr Lee Ho-yin, affiliate professor of architectural conservation at the College of Hong Kong.
The older buildings, of various heights, create a extra various image, moderately than buildings which might be “taller, denser and costlier”, he says.
“By tearing them down we're actually undermining ourselves ... by not having an atmosphere that's diversified to make it extra attention-grabbing and sustainable.”
Protecting older buildings intact nonetheless has served up the drawback of what to do with them.
Some are preserved and declared historic monuments, of which there are 117 in the metropolis. They obtain the highest stage of safety underneath the legislation. This week three extra have been added – two temples and a church.
Inside Fujian’s Unesco-listed Hakka roundhouses: their history, architecture and why heritage status is mixed blessing
One other ,444 buildings have been graded as historic buildings topic to a much less strict type of safety.
However moderately than sparing such buildings from the wrecking ball simply to flip them into museums or items of historical past to be stared at, sensible methods to reuse them ought to be discovered.
With house being such an important commodity in Hong Kong, reusing buildings is each environment friendly and maintains the metropolis’s various character, Lee says. There was some motion in direction of this.
In 2007 Hong Kong launched the Heritage Conservation Coverage to defend and repurpose historic buildings. It's a part of what Lee calls “sustainable conservation” – refurbishing present buildings to embrace the previous and recognise the metropolis’s cultural identification.
From restaurants to architecture: how Hongkongers are forgetting their modern-day woes by bringing back the good old days
Chris Patten, the final colonial governor of Hong Kong earlier than the metropolis’s return to Chinese language sovereignty in 1997, stated: “No different place has fairly the similar mix of East and West, historic and trendy, spectacular and humdrum.”
Metropolis Weekend has chosen just a few previous favourites round Hong Kong to illustrate Patten’s level.
Dismantled brick by brick in Central and reassembled in Stanley in 2001, this basic colonial constructing was first in-built 1855 as an officers’ quarters for the British military. It now sits on Stanley’s southside waterfront, stuffed with eating places and retailers.
Man Mo Temple
Inbuilt 1847 on Hollywood Highway in Central, that is the largest Man Mo temple in Hong Kong. Man is the god of literature and Mo the god of struggle in Chinese language mythology. Initially used as a spot of worship for college students wanting to do properly in the civil examinations of imperial China, it's now preserved as a declared monument and grade one historic constructing.
Antiquities and Monuments Workplace
Opened in 1902 as the Kowloon British College on Nathan Highway, that is the oldest surviving faculty constructing constructed for Hong Kong’s expatriate group, and is a declared monument.
Its structure is typical of the British Victorian period, with some diversifications to address the native local weather together with extensive verandas, excessive ceilings and pitched roofs.
A 4-storey home in-built the 1920s with a mix of Chinese language and Western architectural options, it's painted this color as a result of decorators solely had blue paint.
Situated in Wan Chai, it's a grade one historic constructing and certainly one of the few remaining examples of a tong lau: a mode of residential constructing notable for balconies that was in-built the late 19th century in Hong Kong, Macau, southern China and Taiwan.
Sitting in the Mid-Ranges above the metropolis is the former official residence of 25 British governors till the 1997 handover.
The house was in-built 1855 in colonial Georgian type, earlier than the Japanese, who occupied Hong Kong throughout the second world struggle, redesigned it to add a tower and roof parts.
It's now dwelling to Hong Kong’s present chief, Chief Government Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor.
Girl Ho Tung Welfare Centre
Town’s first rural medical clinic sits in Sheung Shui in the New Territories, and is a combined type of Chinese language and Western structure. Constructed in 1933, it was initially a maternity centre, earlier than turning into a hospital for Indian troopers, after which a basic outpatient clinic. The centre is a grade two listed constructing.
St Andrew’s Church, Kowloon
St Andrew’s on Nathan Highway is the oldest English-talking Anglican church in Kowloon, after opening in 1906.
It was constructed for the Anglican group who used to congregate about 600 metres away at a torpedo depot, the place a navy chaplain led providers. Throughout the second world struggle the church was utilized by Japanese forces as a shrine for the Shinto faith.
It's constructed in a Victorian Gothic type utilizing purple brick with granite detailing, and nonetheless homes its authentic bells and stained glass home windows, which have been each made in England.
Lui Seng Chun
Situated in Mong Kok, this 4-storey tong lau in-built 1941 is a grade one historic constructing.
As a part of the authorities’s plan to reuse such buildings, it was revitalised in early 2012 and is now utilized by the Hong Kong Baptist College as a Chinese language medication and well being care centre.