marktown 2Richard Suchanuk cuts grass in entrance of one in all his rental properties in Marktown part — a former company city — of East Chicago, Indiana, April 16, 2013.Getty Photos

Mega-companies — from Facebook to Amazon — are creating trendy-day company towns.

In Menlo Park, California, Facebook plans to build a brand new campus with ,500 residences, a walkable retail district, a grocery retailer, and a resort for its workers. In the meantime, Amazon not too long ago announced that it'll construct a second headquarters that might successfully turn the chosen city right into a company city — very like what occurred to Seattle when the on-line retail large came to Seattle in the late 1990s. Dubbed HQ2, roughly 50,000 workers will work there.

Since the 19th century, corporations have constructed company towns throughout the United States — municipalities the place they own giant percentages of the housing, shops, colleges, church buildings, roads, and parks. In these towns, the company can be usually the largest employer.

At their peak a century in the past, there have been greater than 2,500 company towns housing three% of the US inhabitants, according to The Economist.

As CityLab notes, many early company towns served as a method for companies to handle labor relations, since they owned all the houses and may evict strike leaders. Extra trendy company towns, like Hershey, Pennsylvania (named after famed chocolatier Milton Hershey's sweet company), gave residents say in what the city prioritized.

Since then, the idea of the company city has developed. Some have comparable ways to early company towns, whereas different corporations construct huge headquarters that dominate an present group's infrastructure and area — and create a brand new ecosystem of companies round the swelling worker inhabitants. 

Check out the almost 200-year evolution of company towns.

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