Tabassum Siddiqui was born and introduced up in Nepalgunj, an previous metropolis within the western plains of Nepal. She earned her commencement and submit-commencement levels from the celebrated Nationwide School of Arts in Lahore, Pakistan. Thereafter, she grew to become the primary Muslim architect and inside design engineer of her nation. She additionally served as an assistant professor at Babu Banarsi Das College in Lucknow, India for seven years.
Siddiqui’s PhD dissertation was on the comparative examine of Vastu Shastra and Islamic architecture in a trendy context, which she did from Nepal Sanskrit College. She now teaches at completely different engineering faculties as a visiting college member. Siddiqui has arrange a not-for-revenue organisation – The Mom Basis – that stresses on the necessity of cultural diplomacy for the event of Nepal.
Siddique not too long ago visited Qatar to attend discussions on cultural relationship between Nepal and Qatar. Neighborhood caught up with Siddique and talked to her about varied dimensions of her tutorial pursuits together with her latest go to to Qatar.
How do you have a look at Arabic and Qatari architecture?
Architecture mirrors society – it displays the financial, ecological and cultural instances. The heritage of traditional Islamic architecture together with desert architecture prevails in a number of sizes and styles and is in response to local weather and specificity of native cultural and spiritual setting. Traditional buildings have been constructed with concerns like safety and shelter.
Each architectural design within the Islamic Arab world gives options to the issues confronted by the folks. Desert architecture is a solution to climatic hurdles folks must face. Arabic architecture balances issues of privateness and openness.
After we speak about Qatari custom, its architecture is predicated on solidity, simplicity and passive designing. Housing models are divided into majlis, dwelling, fundamental core, providers and bedrooms. They're structured in a strategy to scale back warmth and to replicate Islamic cultural values, which focuses largely on inner courtyards.
How do you examine Nepali architecture with Arabic and Qatari architecture?
Such a comparability entails an evaluation of similarities and variations in climatic, spiritual and traditional dimensions of the areas. Nepal is a Hindu-dominated nation, so it's saturated with temples which can be typically multi-storied pagodas. Different buildings are Buddhist monasteries, palaces, forts, ponds, roadside resting locations and stone tapes, amongst others.
In Qatar, folks comply with Islam. Therefore, Qataris construct buildings in an Islamic model. The principal architectural designs are mosques, tombs, palaces and forts. Buildings are inclusive of public baths and fountains. Calligraphy is the creative expression of the Islamic world, so it takes centre stage in architecture right here.
What do you assume of the mixing of trendy and traditional architectural types within the two international locations?
In my opinion, mixing trendy and traditional types is the need of this century. We have to undertake trendy amenities with a traditional contact. A captivating vary of buildings in Nepal and Qatar are a type of amalgamation of the 2 types. Katara Cultural Village in Qatar is a distinctive instance the place we come throughout such a mixing of types.
As a scholar of architecture, you had a possibility to check Nepali architecture. Did you see any Arabic affect on Nepal’s traditional architecture?
I see Islamic affect in three durbar squares – Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Patan. We've got come throughout Persian script in previous cash and in a single stone pillar at Kathmandu Durbar Sq.. Mughal architectural type is finest mirrored in Janaki Temple in south of Kathmandu. Kal Mochan Temple, in-built 1874, has a vivid Mughal affect. Different buildings embrace Bag and Thapathali Palaces in Kathmandu.
Domed temples are influenced by Mughal Islamic architecture, which have been launched as early because the medieval interval.
On this century, there may be a enormous chance of mixing and enhancing aesthetics of architectural designs.
How can we promote Nepali and Qatari architectures the world over?
Qatar has developed a fascinating vary of buildings, which makes its capital metropolis of Doha a main vacationer vacation spot. Qatar is amalgamating trendy and traditional types in its architectural designs. Nepal too ought to undertake this components. This mixing solely can take our architectures to the following stage.
Nepali architecture is vital for tourism promotion. Do you will have any ideas on how Nepal can finest make use of it?
Nepal is wealthy in pure magnificence and cultural range. Tradition is vital for tourism promotion. Take the instance of Katara, a cultural village in Qatar, which is reflective of oriental architecture and retro-romantic types. The complete Katara advanced has been divided into completely different areas and the guests are free to walk round the primary Katara space, which has been constructed within the model of the traditional Qatari alleyways, known as Al Fareej. If Nepal can construct such cultural villages or alleys, it will be an vital step in selling tourism.
How can bilateral ties be strengthened via cultural and architectural alternate?
We will strengthen bilateral ties via cultural alternate programmes and organising mental and creative actions via symposiums, exhibitions and live shows.