THROWBACK THURSDAY: Six schools erected from 1865 to 1896 in Winona's lumbering boom – Winona Daily News
It's a lengthy step from the Winona Republican of 1855 to the Winona Republican-Herald of at present, and it's at the very least as lengthy a step from the primitive schools of Winona in 1855 to the flowery establishments of at present for grade, secondary and a university schooling.
There are not any official data relating to Winona schools earlier than the good fireplace of 1862, which worn out crucial a part of town, however it's identified that they had been held in rented buildings and had been supported at first by contributions of oldsters relatively than instantly by taxation.
The primary college that actually deserves the identify was opened in fall 1853 by Miss Mary Willis, an older sister of H. J. Willis of Winona. She taught a subscription college of 25 pupils in a body constructing on the nook of Entrance and Franklin streets. Schools had been performed on a small scale for a couple of weeks in the summer time of 1852 by Miss Angela Gere, a lady of 14 or 15, and in the summer time of 1853 by Mrs. E. B. Hamilton.
The Winona Republican of Dec. 2, 1856, complains that 100 students had been crowded right into a room over a harness store, and 100 extra we’re ready to get in; and the next 12 months there have been 4 schools in operation. The academic system was saved going with issue in the years between 1856 and 1860, throughout the despair incident to the Panic of 1857.
The earliest present official data had been made at a gathering of the varsity board on July 9, 1862, and so they revealed that throughout the earlier 12 months V. J. Walker had served as principal and highschool instructor at a wage of $55 a month, and there have been seven different lecturers, 5 of them receiving a wage of solely $20. The Rev. David Burt had been employed as the primary superintendent in the previous April at an annual wage of $100, and the wage was raised to $150 the next 12 months. Mr. Burt was later state superintendent of schooling.
Winona’s first college constructing was accomplished Jan. , 1863, in the Third Ward and one other was put up the next 12 months in the primary ward. The current Central Faculty, which is simply now being changed by a contemporary constructing, was erected as a highschool in 1867. The Madison Faculty and one other Third Ward college had been the one buildings erected in the 1870s and the varsity census in 1872 listed 2,427 pupils. The 1880s and early 1890s had been a interval of speedy development in Winona, as town turned a railroad middle and the lumber trade reached its peak, and a corresponding enlargement of the varsity system was known as for. The Jackson Faculty was constructed in 1885, the Jefferson in 1887, Sugar Loaf Faculty in 1892, Kosciusko in 1893, and Lincoln in 1896. Even this heavy constructing program was not sufficient to meet the calls for of the rising metropolis. Schools had been performed in rented buildings for a number of years, the Jefferson wasn’t largest in 1893, and annex was billed to the Madison in the 1891, and day college was supplanted with night courses in 1888 on the Central Faculty. A brand new highschool was constructed in 1888 on the nook of Washington Avenue and Broadway, and the Central Faculty was used for grade instruction.
The six schools construct in the 11 years between 1885 and 18 896 crammed the wants of town for a few years, as inhabitants remained about stationary, and parochial schools took away a few of the public college enrollment. It was 20 years earlier than one other college was constructed, the brand new Senior Excessive Faculty, in 1916. The previous highschool constructing was used as a junior highschool, relieving the good schools of town, till it was changed by a contemporary construction in 1926. Growing emphasis upon bodily schooling was acknowledged by the completion of an up-to-date gymnasium early in 1929 for using all college students of the senior and junior excessive schools. Alternative of the Central Faculty, which is now in progress, is step one in a constructing program designed to convey Winona’s grade schools up to the usual of its excessive schools.
Coal was launched as a gas supplementary to wooden in 1882, and its use steadily elevated till it had fully supplanted wooden in 1902.
Adjustments have been made in the curriculum and strategies of the Winona schools as the worth of recent concepts has been demonstrated. A particular instructor was employed for penmanship as early as 1879 and for music as early as 1871. Guide coaching and home science had been launched in 1903, the latter as a result of it could, the board was instructed by certainly one of its members, “Have a tendency to make lovelier sweethearts, extra lovely wives, nobler moms, and extra economical housewives.” Kindergarten instruction was begun in 1893 on the Madison and Lincoln schools, and in rented quarters in the Polish Inventory Corridor simply earlier than completion of the Kosciusko Faculty. There was a dispute in the board of schooling in 1881 whether or not it ought to resume the educating of German, however after two legal professionals held up the authority of the board to take this step, Dr. J. J. Hillmer was employed as German instructor. A component-time teacher in bodily schooling was engaged in 1897 for $10 a month, and the emphasis upon coaching of our bodies in addition to minds was steadily elevated right here and elsewhere till common instruction is now given in the grade schools and a big gymnasium has been constructed for the junior and senior excessive schools.
The query of whether or not married ladies needs to be employed as lecturers got here earlier than the board as early as 1887. The board determined that the follow would set up an undesirable precedent and one married instructor was notified that her resignation could be anticipated on the termination of her contract.